Molecular characterization of anti-DNA antibodies induced in normal mice by immunization with bacterial DNA. Differences from spontaneous anti-DNA in the content and location of VH CDR3 arginines.
Immunization of normal mice with bacterial DNA induces a significant anti-DNA response that includes antibodies resembling some lupus anti-DNA in their binding properties, although lacking specificity for mammalian dsDNA. To determine the structure of these induced antibodies and their relationship to anti-DNA from lupus mice, we have characterized the clonality and selected V-region sequences of a panel of 20 anti-DNA antibodies from 3 BALB/c mice immunized with ssDNA from Escherichia coli. Southern blot analysis of H and L chain rearrangements indicated that two of the animals expressed pairs of clonally related antibodies. Amino acid sequences of 10 of the induced antibodies demonstrated predominant utilization of J558 family VH genes and JH4 in association with various DH, J kappa and V kappa genes. Among the VH CDR3 of these 10 antibodies, 4 displayed arginine residues as a result of N region additions. None of these antibodies, however, had more than one arginine residue in VH CDR3 nor arginines at positions 100 or 100a, characteristic features of lupus antibodies to dsDNA. These results suggest that normal mice immunized with bacterial DNA display certain facets of DNA Ag drive, although lacking the mechanisms for the production of antibodies to mammalian dsDNA.
Gilkeson, GS; Bloom, DD; Pisetsky, DS; Clarke, SH
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