Differences in V kappa gene utilization and VH CDR3 sequence among anti-DNA from C3H-lpr mice and lupus mice with nephritis.
To investigate the molecular properties of anti-DNA from lpr mice that express high levels of anti-DNA without immune-mediated nephritis, the sequences of VH and V kappa genes encoding 11 monoclonal anti-DNA antibodies derived from C3H-lpr/lpr (C3H-lpr) mice were studied. All of the C3H-lpr monoclonal anti-DNA bound single-stranded DNA while five also bound double-stranded DNA. Two of the hybridomas were clonally related as determined by Southern analysis and sequencing. Sequence analysis of C3H-lpr anti-DNA revealed the use of VH genes that encode anti-DNA from the MRL-lpr/lpr and (NZB X NZW) F1 mouse models of lupus, although differences occurred in the VH CDR3 amino acid content. In contrast, the V kappa genes from C3H-lpr mice lacked significant identity with previously reported V kappa genes for anti-DNA from lupus models. These results indicate that anti-DNA from C3H-lpr mice differ from anti-DNA from lupus mice with nephritis in patterns of V gene expression and suggest a molecular basis for the lack of pathogenicity of anti-DNA in these mice.
Wloch, MK; Alexander, AL; Pippen, AM; Pisetsky, DS; Gilkeson, GS
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