Survey of glaucoma in an eye clinic in Ghana, West Africa.
PURPOSE: To report the various types of glaucoma among West African patients presenting to an eye clinic in Ghana. METHODS: A complete evaluation was performed in 198 consecutive Ghanaian glaucoma patients. Main outcome measures included intraocular pressure, visual acuity, gonioscopy findings, visual field, and total number of glaucoma medications. RESULTS: The most common form of glaucoma was primary open-angle glaucoma (44.2%). Open-angle glaucoma suspects also comprised a large percentage of the group (30.5%). Chronic angle-closure glaucoma was diagnosed in 6.6% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma being treated in this outpatient eye clinic in Ghana. Chronic angle-closure glaucoma was the second most common form of glaucoma in this series and was usually undiagnosed due to a lack of gonioscopic evaluation. Gonioscopy is an important diagnostic tool that should be promoted to guide more effective glaucoma treatment in this region. Pseudoexfoliation and pseudoexfoliation-associated glaucoma were not seen in this population.
Herndon, LW; Challa, P; Ababio-Danso, B; Boateng, JO; Broomer, B; Ridenhour, P; Allingham, RR
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