Neuro-ophthalmologic complications and manifestations of upper and lower motor neuron facial paresis.


Journal Article (Review)

The facial nerve (cranial nerve VII) courses a long pathway beginning in the precentral gyrus and ending at the facial muscles, lacrimal and salivary glands, and structures of the inner ear. Lesions along this pathway, clinically divided into upper and lower motor neuron lesions, present with unique characteristics that assist the physician in identifying the lesion site. The sequelae particularly of peripheral CN VII palsies, may result in significant and chronic damage to the cornea that may be challenging for the physician and patient.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Bhatti, MT; Schiffman, JS; Pass, AF; Tang, RA

Published Date

  • November 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 448 - 458

PubMed ID

  • 20835929

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20835929

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1534-6293

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11910-010-0143-1


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States