Patterns of leukocyte counts on admissions for acute heart failure--presentation and outcome--results from a community based registry.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between differential white blood cell (WBC) count and characteristics and outcome of acute heart failure (AHF) syndromes. BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that different white blood cell count patterns are related to outcome in patients with heart failure (HF) and other cardiovascular disorders. METHODS: Data from all qualifying AHF admissions to a city hospital (n=340) was prospectively collected. Patients were followed from admission up to 6 months post-discharge. The relationship between patients' demographics, clinical and laboratory characteristics and outcome were assessed in relation to WBC count and lymphocyte to WBC ratio (LWR). RESULTS: WBC count >10,100×10 (9)/L (upper tertile) on admission was associated with higher admission blood pressure, lower oxygen saturation, higher heart rate and increased troponin, with no impact on either short-term worsening HF or long-term adverse outcome. Lower LWR was associated with higher BUN and troponin and lower hemoglobin, but not with a distinct clinical presentation. The lower LWR tertile (≤13%) was associated with a 60% increase in worsening HF risk and a substantially higher 1 month (15% versus 2%) and 6 months mortality (23% vs. 3%) for lowest versus highest quartile (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: While increased WBC count is associated with a more "vascular presentation" and certain severity markers, it is not related to worse patient outcome. Low LWR (≤13%) is predictive of worse outcome and higher mortality. It is also associated with certain laboratory abnormalities, but not related to a specific clinical profile.
Milo-Cotter, O; Felker, GM; Uriel, N; Kaluski, E; Edwards, C; Rund, MM; Weatherley, BD; Cotter, G
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