Clinical and angiographic outcomes with sirolimus-eluting stents in total coronary occlusions: the ACROSS/TOSCA-4 (Approaches to Chronic Occlusions With Sirolimus-Eluting Stents/Total Occlusion Study of Coronary Arteries-4) trial.
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine angiographic and clinical outcomes with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in total coronary occlusion (TCO) revascularization. BACKGROUND: Despite evaluation of drug-eluting stents beyond approved indications, few studies have evaluated their clinical benefit in TCO revascularization. METHODS: Among 15 centers in North America, 200 consecutive TCO patients (78.8% >6 weeks TCO age) were enrolled for treatment with SES. The primary end point was 6-month angiographic binary restenosis within the treated segment. RESULTS: Patient characteristics included: diabetes, 24.5%; prior infarction, 33.5%; and stent length, 45.9 mm median (quartile 1, 30.2 mm; quartile 2, 62.1 mm). A total of 199 patients (99.5%) were treated with SES, and procedural success was 98.0%. The 6-month binary restenosis rates were 9.5% in-stent, 12.4% in-segment, and 22.6% in-"working length" representing the entire treatment segment. Rates of 1-year target lesion revascularization, myocardial infarction, and target vessel failure were 9.8%, 1.0%, and 10.9%, respectively. Stent thrombosis occurred in 2 patients (1.0%). Using logistic regression modeling with propensity score adjustment, the absolute reduction in binary restenosis with SES compared with a historical bare-metal stent control was 37.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 27.2% to 48.3%, p < 0.001; odds ratio: 0.17, 95% CI: 0.09 to 0.30, p < 0.0001). Among 32 patients (16%) identified with stent fracture, target lesion revascularization was more common than patients without fracture (25.0% vs. 6.7%, p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Despite greater lesion complexity than prior TCO trials, percutaneous revascularization with SES appears safe and results in substantial reductions in angiographic restenosis and failed patency and a low rate of repeat revascularization. These findings support the use of SES in TCO revascularization. (The ACROSS/TOSCA Trial; NCT00378612).
Kandzari, DE; Rao, SV; Moses, JW; Dzavik, V; Strauss, BH; Kutryk, MJ; Simonton, CA; Garg, J; Lokhnygina, Y; Mancini, GBJ; Yeoh, E; Buller, CE; ACROSS/TOSCA-4 Investigators,
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