Feedback-mediated dynamics in a model of coupled nephrons with compliant thick ascending limbs.

Published

Journal Article

The tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) system in the kidney, a key regulator of glomerular filtration rate, has been shown in physiologic experiments in rats to mediate oscillations in thick ascending limb (TAL) tubular fluid pressure, flow, and NaCl concentration. In spontaneously hypertensive rats, TGF-mediated flow oscillations may be highly irregular. We conducted a bifurcation analysis of a mathematical model of nephrons that are coupled through their TGF systems; the TALs of these nephrons are assumed to have compliant tubular walls. A characteristic equation was derived for a model of two coupled nephrons. Analysis of that characteristic equation has revealed a number of parameter regions having the potential for differing stable dynamic states. Numerical solutions of the full equations for two model nephrons exhibit a variety of behaviors in these regions. Also, model results suggest that the stability of the TGF system is reduced by the compliance of TAL walls and by internephron coupling; as a result, the likelihood of the emergence of sustained oscillations in tubular fluid pressure and flow is increased. Based on information provided by the characteristic equation, we identified parameters with which the model predicts irregular tubular flow oscillations that exhibit a degree of complexity that may help explain the emergence of irregular oscillations in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Layton, AT; Bowen, M; Wen, A; Layton, HE

Published Date

  • April 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 230 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 115 - 127

PubMed ID

  • 21329704

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21329704

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-3134

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0025-5564

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.mbs.2011.02.004

Language

  • eng