Initial dual-sweep streak camera measurements on the Duke storage ring OK-4 UV/visible FEL
Initial measurements at the Duke storage ring free electron laser (FEL) of both spontaneous emission radiation (SER) from the OK-4 and FEL radiation outcoupled from the oscillator cavity have been done with a dual-sweep streak camera. In the SER case, ANL's Hamamatsu C5680 streak camera was used to characterize stored electron-beam bunch lengths versus rf gap voltage and single-bunch current. Electron-beam bunch lengths were observed in a range from 50 to 300 ps (FWHM). Particle beam energies of 270 and 500 MeV in the storage ring (SR) were used with the OK-4 to generate SER from 500 nm to less than 200 nm. Sensitivity to single-bunch, single-turn SER was shown down to ∼ 4 μA beam current at λ = 450 nm. By operating in the synchroscan mode and at bunch currents less than 1 mA, beam orbit length vs. the resonator round-trip time was investigated by detecting the relative arrival time of the second pass outcoupled from the resonator at λ ≈ 200 nm. These measurements were used in support of first lasing in the UV-visible regime in November 1996. The dual-sweep streak mode was then used to monitor lasing intensity variations on the 1 and 50 ms time scales, to measure a lasing pulse length as short as ∼ 3 ps (σ) at λ = 388 nm at low beam current, and to track the orbit length detuning curve. © 1998 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Lumpkin, AH; Yang, BX; Litvinenko, V; Burnham, B; Park, S; Wang, P; Wu, Y
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