Mitochondrial sirtuins.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Sirtuins have emerged as important proteins in aging, stress resistance and metabolic regulation. Three sirtuins, SIRT3, 4 and 5, are located within the mitochondrial matrix. SIRT3 and SIRT5 are NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases that remove acetyl groups from acetyllysine-modified proteins and yield 2'-O-acetyl-ADP-ribose and nicotinamide. SIRT4 can transfer the ADP-ribose group from NAD(+) onto acceptor proteins. Recent findings reveal that a large fraction of mitochondrial proteins are acetylated and that mitochondrial protein acetylation is modulated by nutritional status. This and the identification of targets for SIRT3, 4 and 5 support the model that mitochondrial sirtuins are metabolic sensors that modulate the activity of metabolic enzymes via protein deacetylation or mono-ADP-ribosylation. Here, we review and discuss recent progress in the study of mitochondrial sirtuins and their targets.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Huang, J-Y; Hirschey, MD; Shimazu, T; Ho, L; Verdin, E

Published Date

  • August 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1804 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1645 - 1651

PubMed ID

  • 20060508

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20060508

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-3002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bbapap.2009.12.021

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands