Successful use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pH1N1-induced refractory hypoxemia in a child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
OBJECTIVE: To report the first successful use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to 2009 pH1N1 influenza A infection in a child status post the Fontan operation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. DESIGN: Individual case report. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENT: We describe a 7-yr-old boy with a history of the Fontan operation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome admitted with acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to 2009 pH1N1 influenza A infection. INTERVENTION: Cannulation for venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In this patient with a history of complex congenital heart disease and repair, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was a successful rescue therapy for refractory pH1N1-induced respiratory failure. CONCLUSION: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can be successfully applied for refractory respiratory failure, even in the setting of significant underlying comorbidity. With emerging data to support the role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in improving mortality for refractory hypoxemia secondary to pH1N1, it is prudent to strongly consider the use of extracorporeal support in patients with underlying diseases or comorbidities that may have previously precluded them from being candidates for this therapy.
Gandhi, NN; Hartman, ME; Williford, WL; Peters, MA; Cheifetz, IM; Turner, DA
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