Numerical study of thermoacoustic heat exchangers in the thin plate limit
The velocity and temperature fields in an idealized thermoacoustic refrigerator are analyzed computationally. The numerical model simulates the unsteady mass, momentum, and energy equations in the thin-plate, low-Mach-number limits. Two-dimensional unsteady calculations of the flow field in the neighborhood of the stack and heat exchangers are performed using a vorticity-based scheme for stratified flow. The computations are applied to analyze the effects of heat-exchanger length and position on the performance of the device. The results indicate that the cooling load peaks at a well-defined heat-exchanger length, stack gap, and distance between the heat exchangers and the stack plates.
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