Adverse race-related events as a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder in Asian American Vietnam veterans.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

Few studies have explored the relationship between exposure to adverse race-related events and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined whether adverse race-related events can give rise to symptoms that meet the criteria for a PTSD diagnosis as specified in the DSM-IV. Three hundred Asian American Vietnam veterans were administered a Mississippi Scale and a questionnaire that assessed exposure to adverse race-related events in the military and associated PTSD symptoms. A subsample was administered the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale. A majority of the participants (77%) reported exposure to adverse race-related events. Depending on the number of events to which they were exposed, between 13% and 36% reported symptoms consistent with meeting full criteria for PTSD. Mississippi Scale scores increased significantly as a function of frequency of exposure to adverse race-related events. These results converge with the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale findings to demonstrate that adverse race-related events can be traumatic and associated with PTSD. These findings support the construct and convergent validity of race-related PTSD.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Loo, CM; Fairbank, JA; Chemtob, CM

Published Date

  • July 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 193 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 455 - 463

PubMed ID

  • 15985840

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3018

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.nmd.0000168239.51714.e6


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States