Measuring exposure to racism: development and validation of a Race-Related Stressor Scale (RRSS) for Asian American Vietnam veterans.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This article describes the development and validation of the Race-Related Stressor Scale (RRSS), a questionnaire that assesses exposure to race-related stressors in the military and war zone. Validated on a sample of 300 Asian American Vietnam veterans, the RRSS has high internal consistency and adequate temporal stability. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that exposure to race-related stressors accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and general psychiatric symptoms, over and above (by 20% and 19%, respectively) that accounted for by combat exposure and military rank. The RRSS appears to be a psychometrically sound measure of exposure to race-related stressors for this population. Race-related stressors as measured by the RRSS appear to contribute uniquely and substantially to PTSD symptoms and generalized psychiatric distress.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Loo, CM; Fairbank, JA; Scurfield, RM; Ruch, LO; King, DW; Adams, LJ; Chemtob, CM

Published Date

  • December 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 503 - 520

PubMed ID

  • 11793894

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-3590


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States