Smoking in Vietnam combat veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The present study investigated smoking prevalence, smoking motives, demographic variables and psychological symptoms in 124 help-seeking, male Vietnam combat veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A high percentage of these veterans smoked (60%). Vietnam veterans with PTSD who smoked were more likely than those who did not smoke to report higher levels of PTSD symptoms, depression and trait anxiety. Increased depression was associated with increased automatic smoking. Smokers reported a high frequency of smoking in response to military memories. Implications for smoking interventions, cessation, and relapse prevention efforts are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beckham, JC; Roodman, AA; Shipley, RH; Hertzberg, MA; Cunha, GH; Kudler, HS; Levin, ED; Rose, JE; Fairbank, JA

Published Date

  • July 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 461 - 472

PubMed ID

  • 7582610

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0894-9867

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/BF02102970


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States