High-frequency ventilation.

Published

Journal Article

High-frequency ventilation (HFV) provides respiratory gas exchange using positive airway pressure-driven tidal breaths that are often smaller than anatomic dead space and breathing frequencies several times faster than normal. Gas transport with HFV involves nonconvective mechanisms such as Taylor dispersion, coaxial flow, and augmented diffusion. Devices to deliver HFV include the jet (an airway injector delivers jet pulses) and the oscillator (a piston oscillates a bias flow of fresh gas). The conceptual advantage to HFV is that maximal airway pressures are limited by the small tidal breath and lung recruitment is optimized by the intrinsic positive end expiratory pressure effect. Outcome has been shown to be improved in pediatric patients at risk for volutrauma. Adult outcome data are still lacking.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • MacIntyre, NR

Published Date

  • 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 167 - 173

PubMed ID

  • 16088729

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16088729

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1069-3424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1055/s-2000-9851

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States