Aerosol delivery through an artificial airway.

Journal Article (Review)

For both lung and systemic diseases, aerosol delivery of drugs into the lungs can often offer substantial advantages over other routes of administration. In the intensive care unit, however, the artificial airway can be a substantial barrier to aerosol delivery, so clinicians must pay careful attention to the ventilator pattern, the delivery gas humidity/density, the device characteristics, and the circuit/tube properties. When those are optimized, aerosol delivery from a nebulizer or metered-dose inhaler and through an endotracheal tube can begin to approach that seen in a nonintubated patient. Novel approaches, such as generating the aerosol within the airway, offer the opportunity to greatly increase deposition efficiency and focal drug targeting in intubated patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • MacIntyre, NR

Published Date

  • November 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 47 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1279 - 1288

PubMed ID

  • 12425743

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0020-1324

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States