Effects of postnatal parental smoking on parent and teacher ratings of ADHD and oppositional symptoms.

Published

Journal Article

To assess the effects of postnatal parental smoking on subsequent parent and teacher ratings of DSM-IV attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and oppositional behaviors in children diagnosed with ADHD and their siblings. Children between 5 and 12 years of age with ADHD and their siblings were included. DSM-IV ADHD symptom subscales (Inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive), and oppositionality subscale scores from Conners' Rating Scales were predicted on the basis of parental smoking status in the first 7 years after birth using Generalized Estimating Equations controlling for a range of relevant covariates. Postnatal parental smoking was associated with both parent and teacher ratings of ADHD symptoms and oppositional behavior. After controlling for a number of covariates, several of these relationships were still significant. The risk of maternal smoking for the development of ADHD symptoms does not end during pregnancy. Research on the mechanisms underlying the observed associations is needed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kollins, SH; Garrett, ME; McClernon, FJ; Lachiewicz, AM; Morrissey-Kane, E; FitzGerald, D; Collins, AL; Anastopoulos, AD; Ashley-Koch, AE

Published Date

  • June 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 197 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 442 - 449

PubMed ID

  • 19525745

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19525745

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1539-736X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3018

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181a61d9e

Language

  • eng