Effect of resistive barrier location on the relationship between T-wave alternans and cellular repolarization alternans: a 1-D modeling study.

Published

Journal Article

Structural inhomogeneities in cardiac tissue have been associated with increased cellular repolarization alternans in animal experiments and increased T-wave alternans (TWA) in clinical studies. However, the effect of structural inhomogeneities on the relationship between cellular alternans and TWA has not been thoroughly investigated. We created 1-dimensional multicellular fiber models with and without a resistive barrier in various fiber regions and paced each model to induce cellular alternans. The models demonstrate that a resistive barrier in one fiber region substantially alters cellular repolarization alternans throughout the fiber. A midmyocardial or subepicardial barrier increase both TWA amplitude and maximum cellular alternans magnitude, relative to a fiber without a barrier. In addition, a direct relationship exists between TWA amplitude and maximum cellular alternans magnitude, which was highly dependent on barrier location. These results suggest that the position of a structural inhomogeneity within the myocardium may have substantial effects on dynamic repolarization instability and arrhythmogenicity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Doshi, AN; Idriss, SF

Published Date

  • November 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 43 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 566 - 571

PubMed ID

  • 21040826

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21040826

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-8430

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2010.07.019

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States