Beta-arrestin and Mdm2 mediate IGF-1 receptor-stimulated ERK activation and cell cycle progression.
Beta-arrestin1, which regulates many aspects of seven transmembrane receptor (7TMR) biology, has also been shown to serve as an adaptor, which brings Mdm2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase to the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R), leading to its proteasome-dependent destruction. Here we demonstrate that IGF-1R stimulation also leads to ubiquitination of beta-arrestin1, which regulates vesicular trafficking and activation of ERK1/2. This beta-arrestin1-dependent ERK activity can occur even when the classical tyrosine kinase signaling is impaired. siRNA-mediated suppression of beta-arrestin1 in human melanoma cells ablates IGF-1-stimulated ERK and prolongs the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These data suggest that beta-arrestin-dependent ERK signaling by the IGF-1R regulates cell cycle progression and may thus be an important regulator of the growth of normal and malignant cells.
Girnita, L; Shenoy, SK; Sehat, B; Vasilcanu, R; Vasilcanu, D; Girnita, A; Lefkowitz, RJ; Larsson, O
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