Self-punishment as a regulation strategy in borderline personality disorder.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Studies using the Thought Control Questionnaire (TCQ; Wells & Davies, 1994) suggest that the tendency to use self-punishment (e.g., shouting at oneself) in order to control unpleasant internal experiences (e.g., cognitive and emotional) is associated with psychopathology. To evaluate the role of self-punishment in borderline personality disorder (BPD), we first examined whether TCQ scales, including Self-Punishment, were different among adults with BPD (n = 31) when compared to those with other personality disorders (OPD; n = 24), elevated symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD; n = 24), and healthy controls (n = 105). Findings indicated that Self-Punishment was elevated in the BPD group relative to other groups. Next, Self-Punishment was examined as a potential mediator in the relationship between negative affectivity and BPD symptom severity in all participants. Results indicated that Self-Punishment did not mediate this relationship, but did account for significant variance in BPD symptoms over and above negative affectivity. Implications and future research directions are discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rosenthal, MZ; Cukrowicz, KC; Cheavens, JS; Lynch, TR

Published Date

  • June 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 232 - 246

PubMed ID

  • 16776553

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-579X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1521/pedi.2006.20.3.232


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States