Independent and cooperative roles of adaptor molecules in proximal signaling during FcepsilonRI-mediated mast cell activation.
Activation through FcepsilonRI, a high-affinity IgE-binding receptor, is critical for mast cell function during allergy. The formation of a multimolecular proximal signaling complex nucleated by the adaptor molecules SLP-76 and LAT1 is required for activation through this receptor. Based on previous T-cell studies, current dogma dictates that LAT1 is required for plasma membrane recruitment and function of SLP-76. Unexpectedly, we found that the recruitment and phosphorylation of SLP-76 were preserved in LAT1(-/-) mast cells and that SLP-76(-/-) and LAT1(-/-) mast cells harbored distinct functional and biochemical defects. The LAT1-like molecule LAT2 was responsible for the preserved membrane localization and phosphorylation of SLP-76 in LAT1(-/-) mast cells. Although LAT2 supported SLP-76 phosphorylation and recruitment to the plasma membrane, LAT2 only partially compensated for LAT1-mediated cell signaling due to its decreased ability to stabilize interactions with phospholipase Cgamma (PLCgamma). Comparison of SLP-76(-/-) LAT1(-/-) and SLP-76(-/-) mast cells revealed that some functions of LAT1 could occur independently of SLP-76. We propose that while SLP-76 and LAT1 depend on each other for many of their functions, LAT2/SLP-76 interactions and SLP-76-independent LAT1 functions also mediate a positive signaling pathway downstream of FcepsilonRI in mast cells.
Kambayashi, T; Okumura, M; Baker, RG; Hsu, C-J; Baumgart, T; Zhang, W; Koretzky, GA
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