A prospective randomized, placebo-controlled skin care study in women diagnosed with breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Purpose/objectivesTo compare the effectiveness of three different skin care products versus a placebo in reducing the incidence of radiation therapy-induced skin reactions prophylactically.
DesignProspective randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study.
SettingA radiation oncology department at a National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center in the southeastern United States.
Sample208 women with breast cancer who were to receive whole breast radiation therapy.
MethodsPatients were invited to participate after radiation therapy was documented as part of their treatment plan. Patients applied a skin care product starting on the first day of treatment and were assessed weekly by their radiation oncology nurse.
Main research variablesSkin reaction score and skin product.
FindingsNone of the products were statistically better than placebo in preventing skin reactions. Increases in skin reaction over time did not vary with treatment group for the linear (p = 0.16) and nonlinear (p = 0.94) effects of time and for both time components tested together (p = 0.41).
ConclusionsNinety-five percent of women participating in this study experienced a radiation therapy-induced skin reaction.
Implications for nursingThe development of guidelines to support safe patient care is encouraged because patients prefer to take action rather than do nothing. However, the findings do not demonstrate improved clinical outcomes with the use of skin care products. Healthcare providers should proactively educate patients about acute skin reactions and self-care strategies to minimize skin breakdown.
- Gosselin, TK; Schneider, SM; Plambeck, MA; Rowe, K
- September 2010
Volume / Issue
- 37 / 5
Start / End Page
- 619 - 626
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)