The influence of uncertainty in illness, stress appraisal, and hope on coping in survivors of breast cancer.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

On the basis of Mishel's uncertainty in illness theory, Lazarus and Folkman's stress on appraisal and coping, and Herth's perspective of hope, this cross-sectional, correlational study was designed to examine the influence of uncertainty, stress appraisal, and hope on coping in 71 survivors of breast cancer. Uncertainty was measured by the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness: Community Scale, stress appraisal by the Stress Appraisal Index, hope by the Herth Hope Index, and coping by the Ways of Coping Questionnaires (WCQ).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wonghongkul, T; Moore, SM; Musil, C; Schneider, S; Deimling, G

Published Date

  • December 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 422 - 429

PubMed ID

  • 11128121

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-9804

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0162-220X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00002820-200012000-00004


  • eng