Severe lung fibrosis requires an invasive fibroblast phenotype regulated by hyaluronan and CD44.

Published

Journal Article

Tissue fibrosis is a major cause of morbidity, and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a terminal illness characterized by unremitting matrix deposition in the lung. The mechanisms that control progressive fibrosis are unknown. Myofibroblasts accumulate at sites of tissue remodeling and produce extracellular matrix components such as collagen and hyaluronan (HA) that ultimately compromise organ function. We found that targeted overexpression of HAS2 (HA synthase 2) by myofibroblasts produced an aggressive phenotype leading to severe lung fibrosis and death after bleomycin-induced injury. Fibroblasts isolated from transgenic mice overexpressing HAS2 showed a greater capacity to invade matrix. Conditional deletion of HAS2 in mesenchymal cells abrogated the invasive fibroblast phenotype, impeded myofibroblast accumulation, and inhibited the development of lung fibrosis. Both the invasive phenotype and the progressive fibrosis were inhibited in the absence of CD44. Treatment with a blocking antibody to CD44 reduced lung fibrosis in mice in vivo. Finally, fibroblasts isolated from patients with IPF exhibited an invasive phenotype that was also dependent on HAS2 and CD44. Understanding the mechanisms leading to an invasive fibroblast phenotype could lead to novel approaches to the treatment of disorders characterized by severe tissue fibrosis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Li, Y; Jiang, D; Liang, J; Meltzer, EB; Gray, A; Miura, R; Wogensen, L; Yamaguchi, Y; Noble, PW

Published Date

  • July 4, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 208 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1459 - 1471

PubMed ID

  • 21708929

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21708929

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1540-9538

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1084/jem.20102510

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States