Glycosylation site-specific analysis of clade C HIV-1 envelope proteins.

Journal Article

The extensive glycosylation of HIV-1 envelope proteins (Envs), gp120/gp41, is known to play an important role in evasion of host immune response by masking key neutralization epitopes and presenting the Env glycosylation as "self" to the host immune system. The Env glycosylation is mostly conserved but continues to evolve to modulate viral infectivity. Thus, profiling Env glycosylation and distinguishing interclade and intraclade glycosylation variations are necessary components in unraveling the effects of glycosylation on Env's immunogenicity. Here, we describe a mass spectrometry-based approach to characterize the glycosylation profiles of two rVV-expressed clade C Envs by identifying the glycan motifs on each glycosylation site and determining the degree of glycosylation site occupancy. One Env is a wild-type Env, while the other is a synthetic "consensus" Env (C.CON). The observed differences in the glycosylation profiles between the two clade C Envs show that C.CON has more unutilized sites and high levels of high mannose glycans; these features mimic the glycosylation profile of a Group M consensus immunogen, CON-S. Our results also reveal a clade-specific glycosylation pattern. Discerning interclade and intraclade glycosylation variations could provide valuable information in understanding the molecular differences among the different HIV-1 clades and in designing new Env-based immunogens.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Go, EP; Chang, Q; Liao, H-X; Sutherland, LL; Alam, SM; Haynes, BF; Desaire, H

Published Date

  • September 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 4231 - 4242

PubMed ID

  • 19610667

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1535-3893

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/pr9002728

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States