The novel tubulin-binding drug BTO-956 inhibits R3230AC mammary carcinoma growth and angiogenesis in Fischer 344 rats.
BTO-956 [methyl-3,5-diiodo-4-(4'-methoxyphenoxy)benzoate], a novel tubulin-binding drug and thyroid hormone analogue, was originally found to inhibit human carcinoma cell proliferation in vitro and to have potent growth delay activity in human breast and ovarian carcinoma xenografts in nude mice. Here we report that BTO-956 given to Fischer 344 rats also inhibits corneal angiogenesis and the growth and neovascularization of the R3230Ac rat mammary carcinoma tumor implanted in skin-fold window chambers. Hydron pellets containing recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (50 ng) and Sucralfate (20 microg) were implanted into surgically created corneal micropockets (day 0). BTO-956 was administrated by oral gavage (500 mg/kg, twice a day for 6 days) on days 1-6 (controls received vehicle alone). On day 7, rats received retrograde infusions of India ink via the thoracic aorta to visualize the corneal vasculature. Digitized images of slide-mounted corneas from control and treated animals were taken with a microscope. For the tumor growth and angiogenesis study, small pieces of R3230Ac tumor from a donor rat were implanted into surgically prepared window chambers (day 0). BTO-956 was given during days 5-11, and images of the tumors and their vasculature were recorded on day 12. No body weight loss was observed in either study. BTO-956 significantly inhibited corneal angiogenesis (by 50-80%), as assessed by measurements of limbal circumference displaying neovascularization, vessel length, vascularized area, and vascular area density. In the window chamber assay, tumors from treated animals were >50% smaller than tumors in control animals. In addition, vascular length densities in peripheral tumor zones were 30% less in treated compared with control animals. Together, these findings demonstrate that BTO-956 can inhibit angiogenesis induced by a growth factor in the rat cornea and in the peripheral area of implanted tumors, where tumor angiogenesis is most active.
Shan, S; Lockhart, AC; Saito, WY; Knapp, AM; Laderoute, KR; Dewhirst, MW
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