Phase II trial of irinotecan plus celecoxib in adults with recurrent malignant glioma.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: In the current study, the authors report a Phase II trial of irinotecan (CPT-11), a topoisomerase I inhibitor active against malignant glioma (MG), with celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, among MG patients with recurrent disease. METHODS: Patients with MG at any type of recurrence received CPT-11, administered as a 90-minute intravenous infusion on Weeks 1, 2, 4, and 5 of each 6-week cycle plus celecoxib, which was administered continuously at a dose of 400 mg twice a day. CPT-11 was given at a dose of 350 mg/m(2) for patients receiving enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs (EIAEDs) and at a dose of 125 mg/m(2) for those patients not receiving EIAEDs. Assessments were performed after every cycle. The primary endpoint was radiographic response and the secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and therapeutic safety. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 37 patients enrolled in the current study (92%) were diagnosed with recurrent GBM and 3 patients (8%) were diagnosed with recurrent anaplastic astrocytoma (AA). Twenty-one patients were receiving EIAEDs and 16 patients were not. The median follow-up time was 76.9 weeks. Concomitant CPT-11 plus celecoxib was found to be well tolerated and safe. Hematologic toxicities of >/= Grade 3 (according the second version of the Common Toxicity Criteria of the National Cancer Institute) reportedly complicated 8.6% of treatment courses. Grade 3 diarrhea, the most commonly reported nonhematologic toxicity, occurred with equal frequency (8%), regardless of whether the patient was receiving EIAED. Six patients (16%), all whom were diagnosed with recurrent GBM, achieved an objective radiographic response whereas an additional 13 patients (35%) achieved stable disease. The median PFS was 11.0 weeks and the 6-month PFS was reported to be 25.1%. The median OS was 31.5 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the current study confirm that CPT-11 plus celecoxib can be safely administered concurrently at full dose levels, and that this regimen has encouraging activity among heavily pretreated patients with recurrent MG.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Reardon, DA; Quinn, JA; Vredenburgh, J; Rich, JN; Gururangan, S; Badruddoja, M; Herndon, JE; Dowell, JM; Friedman, AH; Friedman, HS

Published Date

  • January 15, 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 329 - 338

PubMed ID

  • 15558802

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0008-543X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/cncr.20776


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States