Phase I trial of temozolomide plus O6-benzylguanine for patients with recurrent or progressive malignant glioma.
PURPOSE: We conducted a two-phase clinical trial in patients with progressive malignant glioma (MG). The first phase of this trial was designed to determine the dose of O6-BG effective in producing complete depletion of tumor AGT activity for 48 hours. The second phase of the trial was designed to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of a single dose of temozolomide when combined with O6-BG. In addition, plasma concentrations of O6-BG and O6-benzyl-8-oxoguanine were evaluated after O6-BG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: For our first phase of the clinical trial, patients were scheduled to undergo craniotomy for AGT determination after receiving a 1-hour O6-BG infusion at 120 mg/m2 followed by a continuous infusion at an initial dose of 30 mg/m2/d for 48 hours. The dose of the continuous infusion of O6-BG escalated until tumor AGT was depleted. Once the O6-BG dose was established a separate group of patients was enrolled in the second phase of clinical trial, in which temozolomide, administered as a single dose at the end of the 1-hour O6-BG infusion, was escalated until the MTD was determined. RESULTS: The O6-BG dose found to be effective in depleting tumor AGT activity at 48 hours was an IV bolus of 120 mg/m2 over 1 hour followed by a continuous infusion of 30 mg/m2/d for 48 hours. On enrolling 38 patients in six dose levels of temozolomide, the MTD was established at 472 mg/m2 with dose-limiting toxicities limited to myelosuppression. CONCLUSION: This study provides the foundation for a phase II trial of O6-BG plus temozolomide in temozolomide-resistant MG.
Quinn, JA; Desjardins, A; Weingart, J; Brem, H; Dolan, ME; Delaney, SM; Vredenburgh, J; Rich, J; Friedman, AH; Reardon, DA; Sampson, JH; Pegg, AE; Moschel, RC; Birch, R; McLendon, RE; Provenzale, JM; Gururangan, S; Dancey, JE; Maxwell, J; Tourt-Uhlig, S; Herndon, JE; Bigner, DD; Friedman, HS
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