Interaction of pokeweed mitogen with monocytes in the activation of human lymphocytes.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The present study examines the role of monocytes in the in-vitro activation of human T cells and B cells by pokeweed mitogen (PWM). The T cell-dependent PWM-induced B-cell activation process was found to be monocyte dependent. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) analysis revealed that upon addition to peripheral blood mononuclear cells, fluoresceinated PWM, at concentrations that provided optimal B-cell and T-cell activation, bound predominantly to human monocytes. The binding of PWM to monocytes was reversible and could be displaced within the first few hours of binding by oligomers of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc). As a functional correlate of the binding studies, it was shown that PWM-pulsed monocytes could induce B lymphocytes to become plaque-forming cells (PFC) and T lymphocytes to undergo proliferation. In contrast, markedly reduced PFC and blastogenic responses were observed when monocyte-depleted B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes were respectively pulsed with PWM and washed, followed by the addition of non-PWM-pulsed monocytes to the cultures. Thus, the initial event in the PWM-induced activation of human lymphocytes, for both in-vitro T-lymphocyte blastogenic responses and B-lymphocyte Ig secretion, appears to be binding of the mitogen to sugar residues on the surface membrane of the monocyte, followed by subsequent interaction with the appropriate lymphocytes. The process of PWM binding to monocytes did not appear to affect the baseline production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) by human monocytes, nor could soluble factors from PWM-pulsed monocytes substitute for intact cells in the initiation of the lymphocyte-activation process.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Stevenson, HC; Miller, PJ; Waxdal, MJ; Haynes, BF; Thomas, CA; Fauci, AS

Published Date

  • August 1983

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 49 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 633 - 640

PubMed ID

  • 6347876

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC1454325

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0019-2805

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England