Characterization of human thymic epithelial cell surface antigens: phenotypic similarity of thymic epithelial cells to epidermal keratinocytes.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Cellular interactions between developing thymocytes and cells of the thymic microenvironment are necessary for maturation of thymocytes into mature T cells. While much is known about the molecules on developing T cells that mediate these interactions, little is known about the surface molecules of human thymic epithelial (TE) cells. In this study, using a panel of 276 MAb including 255 MAb from the 5th International Workshop on Human Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens (HLDA-V), we have determined the expression of CD1 through CDw130 and other surface molecules on resting and IFN-gamma-activated cultured human TE cells and on resting epidermal keratinocytes (EK). We demonstrate the surface expression of 50 of the 161 molecules assayed for on TE cells, including a number of adhesion molecules, cytokine receptors, Apo-1, and MHC-encoded molecules. While activation of TE cells with IFN-gamma for 48 hr induced a greater than fivefold increase in the expression of four surface molecules (CD38, CD54, MHC class I, and MHC class II), it also induced a greater than 50% increase in the expression of 14 other surface molecules (CD12, CD29, CD40, CD44, CD47, CD49b, CD49c, CD49e, CD55, CD66, CD87, CD104, TE4, and STE3) and a decrease in the expression of three molecules (CDw65, CDw109, and STE2). In comparing the phenotype of TE cells to 83 other cell lines studied in HLDA-V, we found that TE cells were strikingly more similar to EK than to any of the other cell types tested.
- Patel, DD; Whichard, LP; Radcliff, G; Denning, SM; Haynes, BF
- March 1995
Volume / Issue
- 15 / 2
Start / End Page
- 80 - 92
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)