Monoclonal antibody 4F2 reactive with basal layer keratinocytes: studies in the normal and a hyperproliferative state.
To establish a method for separating different keratinocyte subpopulations in the epidermis, we studied the specificity of monoclonal antibody 4F2 for keratinocytes. Preliminary screening experiments had previously demonstrated 4F2 reactivity with the epidermis. 4F2 reacted with a subpopulation (19.29 +/- 5.23%) of human epidermal cells in suspension. The membrane antigen identified by 4F2 continues to be expressed by cultured keratinocytes. In frozen tissue section using an indirect immunofluorescence technique, the 4F2-positive cells in the basal layer are sharply demarcated from the negative suprabasilar layers. Even in the hyperproliferative state of psoriasis, the 4F2 reactivity is confined to the basal layer. Cell suspensions of psoriatic epidermis demonstrated a greater percentage of reactivity with 4F2 (49.51% +/- 6.50%), probably reflecting the expanded population of basal layer cells. Monoclonal 4F2, therefore, reacts with a membrane antigen present on basal keratinocytes, and provides a probe for use in the isolation of the basal keratinocyte subpopulation. Thus, this antibody should be useful in studies of normal and aberrant differentiation of the epidermis.
Patterson, JA; Eisinger, M; Haynes, BF; Berger, CL; Edelson, RL
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