Review of Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Children After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation: Nursing Perspective
This review presents a summary of the research literature related to the incidence and risk factors for chronic graft-versushost disease in children following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The range of incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease in children found in this review was large, from 0% to 46%. Incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease was influenced by sample size, time posttransplantation, and stem cell source. Characteristics of the person (eg, child's age and gender) and disease/treatment (eg, sources of transplant) are associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease in children after stem cell transplantation. Person and disease/treatment characteristics provide a framework for understanding the factors associated with chronic graft-versus-host disease symptom experiences in children after stem cell ransplantation. Timely assessment of presenting chronic graft-versus-host disease symptoms is critical for treatment and prognosis. Nursing interventions should focus on educating children and parents about the signs and symptoms of chronic graft-versus-host disease. The summary of supportive nursing care for children with chronic graft-versus-host disease provides important information to tailor effective management strategies for children with chronic graft-versus-host disease. © 2011 by Association of Pediatric.
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