Immunogenicity study of glycoprotein-deficient rabies virus expressing simian/human immunodeficiency virus SHIV89.6P envelope in a rhesus macaque.

Published

Journal Article

Rabies virus (RV) has recently been developed as a novel vaccine candidate for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The RV glycoprotein (G) can be functionally replaced by HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) if the gp160 cytoplasmic domain (CD) of HIV-1 Env is replaced by that of RV G. Here, we describe a pilot study of the in vivo replication and immunogenicity of an RV with a deletion of G (DeltaG) expressing a simian/human immunodeficiency virus SHIV(89.6P) Env ectodomain and transmembrane domain fused to the RV G CD (DeltaG-89.6P-RVG) in a rhesus macaque. An animal vaccinated with DeltaG-89.6P-RVG developed SHIV(89.6P) virus-neutralizing antibodies and SHIV(89.6P)-specific cellular immune responses after challenge with SHIV(89.6P). There was no evidence of CD4(+) T-cell loss, and plasma viremia was controlled to undetectable levels by 6 weeks postchallenge and has remained suppressed out to 22 weeks postchallenge.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McKenna, PM; Aye, PP; Dietzschold, B; Montefiori, DC; Martin, LN; Marx, PA; Pomerantz, RJ; Lackner, A; Schnell, MJ

Published Date

  • December 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 78 / 24

Start / End Page

  • 13455 - 13459

PubMed ID

  • 15564456

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15564456

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-538X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/JVI.78.24.13455-13459.2004

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States