Hedgehog signaling is critical for normal liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy in mice.

Published

Journal Article

UNLABELLED: Distinct mechanisms are believed to regulate growth of the liver during fetal development and after injury in adults, because the former relies on progenitors and the latter generally involves replication of mature hepatocytes. However, chronic liver injury in adults increases production of Hedgehog (Hh) ligands, developmental morphogens that control progenitor cell fate and orchestrate various aspects of tissue construction during embryogenesis. This raises the possibility that similar Hh-dependent mechanisms also might regulate adult liver regeneration. The current analysis of murine liver regeneration after 70% partial hepatectomy (PH), an established model of adult liver regeneration, demonstrated that PH induced production of Hh ligands and activated Hh signaling in liver cells. Treatment with a specific Hh signaling inhibitor interfered with several key components of normal liver regeneration, significantly inhibiting progenitor responses, matrix remodeling, proliferation of hepatocytes and ductular cells, and restoration of liver mass. These global inhibitory effects on liver regeneration dramatically reduced survival after PH. CONCLUSION: Mechanisms that mediate liver organogenesis, such as Hh pathway activation, are retained and promote reconstruction of adult livers after injury.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ochoa, B; Syn, W-K; Delgado, I; Karaca, GF; Jung, Y; Wang, J; Zubiaga, AM; Fresnedo, O; Omenetti, A; Zdanowicz, M; Choi, SS; Diehl, AM

Published Date

  • May 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 51 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1712 - 1723

PubMed ID

  • 20432255

Pubmed Central ID

  • 20432255

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1527-3350

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/hep.23525

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States