Berg balance scale and outcome measures in acquired brain injury.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) to outcome after acquired brain injury. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients with acquired brain injury were admitted for multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Patients were assessed with the BBS. The BBS was originally designed as a quantitative measure of balance and risk for falls in community-dwelling elderly patients. The BBS comprises 14 different tasks graded on a 56-point scale. Community-dwelling elders with a BBS score of < or = 42 have > 90% risk for falls. RESULTS: In our study, there were 27 patients with a low BBS score (< or = 42) and 13 patients with a high BBS score (> or = 43). The discharge total Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores were lower in the low BBS patients (96.4 +/- 21.2) compared with the high BBS patients (111.5 +/- 12.5) (p < 0.007). The length of stay (LOS) was significantly longer in the low BBS patients (38.9 +/- 18.5 days) compared with the high BBS patients (14.2 +/- 6.1 days; p < 0.000). Among the three patients that experienced falls during their hospitalization, all exhibited low BBS scores. The admission BBS score strongly correlated with admission total FIM scores (r = 0.86; p < 0.000) and moderately correlated with discharge total FIM scores (r = 0.56; p < 0.000) and LOS (r = -0.55; p < 0.000). Using a multiple regression analysis, the admission FIM score was found to be the better predictor of discharge FIM scores, and time admitted after injury was the better predictor of LOS. CONCLUSIONS: Prediction of rehabilitative outcome might be enhanced by the use of the BBS scores in combination with other clinical measures on admission to inpatient acute rehabilitation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Feld, JA; Rabadi, MH; Blau, AD; Jordan, BD

Published Date

  • 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 239 - 244

PubMed ID

  • 11944746

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1545-9683

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/154596830101500312


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States