The association between radiographic response and overall survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer receiving chemotherapy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: In men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), the association of measurable tumor responses with overall survival (OS) is unknown. The authors retrospectively evaluated the TAX327 phase 3 trial to study this relation. METHODS: Eligible patients for this analysis included those with World Health Organization (WHO)-defined measurable metastatic disease randomized to receive either docetaxel or mitoxantrone. OS was estimated by using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the prognostic relation of WHO-defined radiologic response with OS was performed by using Cox proportional hazards regression. Landmark analyses evaluated survival from baseline and at 2, 3, 4, and 6 months after baseline. RESULTS: Four hundred twelve patients enrolled on the TAX327 trial had measurable tumors. Thirty-seven patients exhibited a complete or partial objective response (CR/PR, 9.0%), 116 had stable disease (SD, 28.2%), 99 had progressive disease (PD, 24%) and 160 (38.8%) did not have a after-baseline objective assessment. Partial responders demonstrated longer median OS (29.0 months) than patients with SD (22.1 months) or those with PD (10.8 months) or those who were not assessed (12.7 months). These results remained after landmark analysis. The authors found a significant association between ≥ 30% prostate-specific antigen (PSA) declines and radiologic response, with ≥ 30% PSA declines occurring in all patients with CR/PR, 79.8% of patients with SD, and 34.4% with PD. Radiologic response remained a significant but modest post-treatment prognostic factor for OS after adjusting for treatment, pain response, and ≥ 30% PSA decline (P = .009). CONCLUSIONS: In men with metastatic CRPC and measurable disease receiving chemotherapy, objective tumor response was prognostic for OS and appeared to complement PSA assessment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sonpavde, G; Pond, GR; Berry, WR; de Wit, R; Eisenberger, MA; Tannock, IF; Armstrong, AJ

Published Date

  • September 1, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 117 / 17

Start / End Page

  • 3963 - 3971

PubMed ID

  • 21365623

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3483075

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-0142

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/cncr.25982


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States