Constraining the initial state granularity with bulk observables in Au+Au collisions at √s NN=200 GeV

Journal Article

In this paper we conduct a systematic study of the granularity of the initial state of hot and dense QCD matter produced in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions and its influence on bulk observables like particle yields, mT spectra and elliptic flow. For our investigation we use a hybrid transport model, based on (3+1)D hydrodynamics and a microscopic Boltzmann transport approach. The initial conditions are generated by a non-equilibrium hadronic transport approach and the size of their fluctuations can be adjusted by defining a Gaussian smoothing parameter σ. The dependence of the hydrodynamic evolution on the choices of σ and tstart is explored by means of a Gaussian emulator. To generate particle yields and elliptic flow that are compatible with experimental data the initial state parameters are constrained to be σ = 1 fm and tstart = 0.5 fm. In addition, the influence of changes in the equation of state is studied and the results of our event-by-event calculations are compared to a calculation with averaged initial conditions. We conclude that even though the initial state parameters can be constrained by yields and elliptic flow, the granularity needs to be constrained by other correlation and fluctuation observables. © 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Petersen, H; Coleman-Smith, C; Bass, SA; Wolpert, R

Published Date

  • April 1, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 4

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1361-6471

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0954-3899

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1088/0954-3899/38/4/045102

Citation Source

  • Scopus