Does assistive technology substitute for personal assistance among the disabled elderly?
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether use of equipment (technological assistance) to cope with disability was associated with use of fewer hours of help from another person (personal assistance). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study of 2368 community dwellers older than 65 years with 1 or more limitations in basic activities of daily living (ADLs) from the 1994 National Long Term Care Survey, the relation between technological assistance and personal assistance was examined. RESULTS: Among people with ADL limitations, multivariate models showed a strong and consistent relation between technological assistance and personal assistance, whereby use of equipment was associated with fewer hours of help. CONCLUSIONS: Among people with disability, use of assistive technology was associated with use of fewer hours of personal assistance.
Hoenig, H; Taylor, DH; Sloan, FA
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