Employment after coronary angioplasty or coronary bypass surgery in patients employed at the time of revascularization.
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo coronary angioplasty have a shorter convalescence than those who undergo coronary bypass surgery. This may improve subsequent employment. OBJECTIVE: To compare employment patterns after coronary angioplasty or surgery. DESIGN: Multicenter, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Seven tertiary care hospitals. PATIENTS: 409 employed patients with multivessel coronary artery disease. INTERVENTION: Coronary bypass surgery or balloon angioplasty. MEASUREMENTS: Time to return to work and time spent working during 4 years of follow-up. RESULTS: Patients who underwent angioplasty returned to work 6 weeks sooner than patients who underwent coronary bypass surgery (P < 0.001), but long-term employment did not differ significantly (P > 0.2). Long-term employment was significantly lower among patients who were 60 to 64 years of age (P < 0.001), those who worked less than full-time at study entry (P < 0.001), and those who had less formal education (P = 0.005). Patients with only one source of health insurance were more likely to continue working (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Faster recovery after angioplasty speeds return to work but does not improve long-term employment, which is primarily associated with nonmedical factors.
Hlatky, MA; Boothroyd, D; Horine, S; Winston, C; Brooks, MM; Rogers, W; Pitt, B; Reeder, G; Ryan, T; Smith, H; Whitlow, P; Wiens, R; Mark, DB
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