A model of psychosocial and cultural antecedents of blood pressure control.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Hypertension is a major modifiable risk factor for stroke, congestive heart failure, and end-stage renal disease. Hypertension is particularly prevalent and deadly among African Americans. Effective treatment for hypertension has been available for decades, yet only one fourth of all individuals have their blood pressure under control. Despite the potential impact of hypertension, interventions to improve control have had limited success. We present a model of how to understand antecedents of blood pressure control according to three interrelated categories: patient characteristics, social and cultural environment, and medical environment. This theoretical paper was conducted using a literature review and a model to explain psychosocial antecedents of blood pressure control is presented. We conclude that improved understanding of important antecedents of blood pressure control coupled with technological advances, such as tailored interventions, provide clinicians with a tool that may lead to improved blood pressure control. These interventions will require the involvement of clinicians and consideration of sociocultural factors to be successful.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bosworth, HB; Oddone, EZ

Published Date

  • April 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 94 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 236 - 248

PubMed ID

  • 11991336

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2594228

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-9684


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States