A comparison of dimensional models of emotion: evidence from emotions, prototypical events, autobiographical memories, and words.

Journal Article

The intensity and valence of 30 emotion terms, 30 events typical of those emotions, and 30 autobiographical memories cued by those emotions were each rated by different groups of 40 undergraduates. A vector model gave a consistently better account of the data than a circumplex model, both overall and in the absence of high-intensity, neutral valence stimuli. The Positive Activation - Negative Activation (PANA) model could be tested at high levels of activation, where it is identical to the vector model. The results replicated when ratings of arousal were used instead of ratings of intensity for the events and autobiographical memories. A reanalysis of word norms gave further support for the vector and PANA models by demonstrating that neutral valence, high-arousal ratings resulted from the averaging of individual positive and negative valence ratings. Thus, compared to a circumplex model, vector and PANA models provided overall better fits.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rubin, DC; Talarico, JM

Published Date

  • November 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 802 - 808

PubMed ID

  • 19691001

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1464-0686

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/09658210903130764

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England