Corneal wound architecture and integrity after phacoemulsification evaluation of coaxial, microincision coaxial, and microincision bimanual techniques.
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of microincision bimanual phacoemulsification, standard coaxial phacoemulsification, and microincision coaxial phacoemulsification on clear corneal incision architecture and wound integrity. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA. METHODS: A prospective study of 15 human cadaver eyes (3 groups of 5 eyes) ranging 1 to 4 days postmortem had simulated phacoemulsification by bimanual phacoemulsification (1.2 mm incision), standard coaxial phacoemulsification (2.75 mm), or microincision coaxial phacoemulsification (2.2 mm). All phacoemulsification settings were kept constant across each group. After phacoemulsification, intraocular pressure (IOP) was cyclically raised and lowered from 0 to 125 mm Hg. Two eyes in each group had India ink placed above the wound, and the IOP was varied as above. Entry of India ink into the wound or aqueous leakage from the wound was recorded. The same 2 corneas in each group were removed for histopathologic review of India ink penetration. Scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate wound architecture in 1 eye in each group. RESULTS: Spontaneous wound leakage was evident in all 5 eyes having bimanual phacoemulsification, in 1 eye (20%) having standard coaxial phacoemulsification, and no eye having microincision coaxial phacoemulsification. India ink penetration was grossly evident in 2 of 2 eyes having bimanual phacoemulsification, 1 of 2 eyes having standard coaxial phacoemulsification, and neither of the 2 eyes having microincision coaxial phacoemulsification. Scanning electron microscopy showed increased endothelial cell loss and greater compromise to Descemet's membrane with bimanual phacoemulsification than with standard coaxial phacoemulsification or microincision coaxial phacoemulsification. CONCLUSION: Results in this experimental setting suggest microincision coaxial phacoemulsification and standard coaxial phacoemulsification induce less wound stress and alteration of wound morphology leading to wound leakage than microincision bimanual phacoemulsification.
Berdahl, JP; DeStafeno, JJ; Kim, T
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