Secretion of MIP-1β and MIP-1α by CD8(+) T-lymphocytes correlates with HIV-1 inhibition independent of coreceptor usage.
CD8(+) T-lymphocytes can utilize noncytolytic mechanisms to suppress HIV-1 replication through the secretion of soluble factors. The secretion of MIP-1β, MIP-1α, IP-10, MIG, IL-1α, and interferon gamma correlated most strongly with soluble noncytolytic suppression (p<0.0001). Since the noncytolytic response is impaired by histone hyperacetylation, we examined the ability of histone hyperacetylation to alter the expression of immune-related genes. MIP-1α and IP-10 were also among the genes that were down-regulated by histone hyperacetylation. We define a multifactorial cytokine profile of CD8(+) T-lymphocytes capable of mediating noncytolytic suppression of CXCR4-tropic HIV-1 replication.
Saunders, KO; Ward-Caviness, C; Schutte, RJ; Freel, SA; Overman, RG; Thielman, NM; Cunningham, CK; Kepler, TB; Tomaras, GD
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