Global value chains and agrifood standards: challenges and possibilities for smallholders in developing countries.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The rise of private food standards has brought forth an ongoing debate about whether they work as a barrier for smallholders and hinder poverty reduction in developing countries. This paper uses a global value chain approach to explain the relationship between value chain structure and agrifood safety and quality standards and to discuss the challenges and possibilities this entails for the upgrading of smallholders. It maps four potential value chain scenarios depending on the degree of concentration in the markets for agrifood supply (farmers and manufacturers) and demand (supermarkets and other food retailers) and discusses the impact of lead firms and key intermediaries on smallholders in different chain situations. Each scenario is illustrated with case examples. Theoretical and policy issues are discussed, along with proposals for future research in terms of industry structure, private governance, and sustainable value chains.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lee, J; Gereffi, G; Beauvais, J

Published Date

  • July 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 109 / 31

Start / End Page

  • 12326 - 12331

PubMed ID

  • 21149723

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3411970

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1091-6490

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.0913714108


  • eng