Geometric calibration for a dual tube/detector micro-CT system.
The authors describe a dual tube/detector micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) system that has the potential to improve temporal resolution and material contrast in small animal imaging studies. To realize this potential, it is necessary to precisely calibrate the geometry of a dual micro-CT system to allow the combination of projection data acquired with each individual tube/detector in a single reconstructed image. The authors present a geometric calibration technique that uses multiple projection images acquired with the two imaging chains while rotating a phantom containing a vertical array of regularly spaced metallic beads. The individual geometries of the imaging chains are estimated from the phantom projection images using analytical methods followed by a refinement procedure based on nonlinear optimization. The geometric parameters are used to create the cone beam projection matrices required by the reconstruction process for each imaging chain. Next, a transformation between the two projection matrices is found that allows the combination of projection data in a single reconstructed image. The authors describe this technique, test it with a series of computer simulations, and then apply it to data collected from their dual tube/detector micro-CT system. The results demonstrate that the proposed technique is accurate, robust, and produces images free of misalignment artifacts.
Johnston, SM; Johnson, GA; Badea, CT
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