Evaporation from a reservoir with fluctuating water level: Correcting for limited fetch


Journal Article

Operational water reservoirs are used to manage the supply of water according to the local demand and availability. Hence, such reservoirs are characterized by large variability in the water level due to variations in inflow and outflow rates, thereby complicating the measurement and modeling of evaporation. The present study investigated evaporation from an open water body characterized by a rapidly fluctuating water level using an eddy covariance system (ECS) constrained by limited fetch. The aim is to identify the evaporation model which is in best agreement with the directly measured evaporation. The water vapor source area within the footprint of the ECS is of a dual nature, comprising the water surface and surrounding soil. Hence this study explored correcting the ECS evaporation rate by a footprint model that accounts for both the variable water level and the limited fetch. This correction significantly improved the reservoir energy balance closure and the agreement between measurements and models that primarily rely on the energy balance approach (e.g. Penman type models). Mean daily evaporation during 104days (not continuous) from May to August 2008 was 6.73±1.16mmday-1. A reduction in daily evaporation from June to August was associated with the decrease in net radiation from its peak value in June. The Penman-Brutsaert model agreed best with the modified ECS measurements in providing long-term (104days) prediction while on a daily basis the Penman model performed best. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Tanny, J; Cohen, S; Berger, D; Teltch, B; Mekhmandarov, Y; Bahar, M; Katul, GG; Assouline, S

Published Date

  • July 11, 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 404 / 3-4

Start / End Page

  • 146 - 156

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1694

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.04.025

Citation Source

  • Scopus