Quantitative proton spectroscopy and histology of a canine brain tumor model.
Quantitative, single voxel proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and histological analysis was performed in eight dogs implanted with the transplantable canine glioma model of Wodinsky (Proc. Am. Assoc. Cancer Res. 10, 99 (1969)). Signals from choline, creatine, N-Acetyl Aspartate (NAA) and lactate were converted to molar concentration units and correlated with the quantitative analysis of histologically determined tissue types within the localized volume selected for NMR spectroscopy. In general, compared with normal brain, the lesions were associated with reductions in all metabolite concentrations, with the exception of lactate, which was increased. NAA and creatine decreases were most significantly correlated with the total lesion volume (P < 0.01), suggesting that these compounds are present in normal brain only. Changes in choline levels did not correlate strongly with any particular tissue type. Lactate was found to increase with increasing total lesion volume (P < 0.01), but not with increasing percent tumor, suggesting that it accumulates in abnormal tissue other than the tumor. The spectra reported were similar to those observed in human glioblastomas, with the exception that elevations of choline were not observed. The transplantable canine gliosarcoma system appears to be a suitable tumor model for evaluation by clinical radiological techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and proton NMR spectroscopy.
Barker, PB; Blackband, SJ; Chatham, JC; Soher, BJ; Samphilipo, MA; Magee, CA; Hilton, JD; Strandberg, JD; Anderson, JH
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