Metabolite proton T(2) mapping in the healthy rhesus macaque brain at 3 T.
The structure and metabolism of the rhesus macaque brain, an advanced model for neurologic diseases and their treatment response, is often studied noninvasively with MRI and (1)H-MR spectroscopy. Due to the shorter transverse relaxation time (T(2)) at the higher magnetic fields these studies favor, the echo times used in (1)H-MR spectroscopy subject the metabolites to unknown T(2) weighting, decreasing the accuracy of quantification which is key for inter- and intra-animal comparisons. To establish the "baseline" (healthy animal) T(2) values, we mapped them for the three main metabolites' T(2)s at 3 T in four healthy rhesus macaques and tested the hypotheses that their mean values are similar (i) among animals; and (ii) to analogs regions in the human brain. This was done with three-dimensional multivoxel (1)H-MR spectroscopy at (0.6 x 0.6 x 0.5 cm)(3) = 180 microL spatial resolution over a 4.2 x 3.0 x 2.0 = 25 cm(3) ( approximately 30%) of the macaque brain in a two-point protocol that optimizes T(2) precision per unit time. The estimated T(2)s in several gray and white matter regions are all within 10% of those reported in the human brain (mean +/- standard error of the mean): N-acetylaspartate = 316 +/- 7, creatine = 177 +/- 3, and choline = 264 +/- 9 ms, with no statistically significant gray versus white matter differences.
Liu, S; Gonen, O; Fleysher, R; Fleysher, L; Babb, JS; Soher, BJ; Joo, C-G; Ratai, E-M; González, RG
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