A polar substituent-containing acylation agent for the radioiodination of internalizing monoclonal antibodies: N-succinimidyl 4-guanidinomethyl-3-[131I]iodobenzoate ([131I]SGMIB).
Journal Article (Journal Article)
The objective of this study was to develop an acylation agent for the radioiodination of monoclonal antibodies that would maximize retention of the label in tumor cells following receptor- or antigen-mediated internalization. The strategy taken was to add a polar substituent to the labeled aromatic ring to impede transport of labeled catabolites across lysosomal and cell membranes after antibody degradation. Preparation of unlabeled N-succinimidyl 4-guanidinomethyl-3-iodobenzoate (SGMIB) was achieved in six steps from 3-iodo-4-methylbenzoic acid. Preparation of 4-guanidinomethyl-3-[131I]iodobenzoic acid from the silicon precursor, 4-(N1,N2-bis-tert-butyloxycarbonyl)guanidinomethyl-3-trimethylsilylbenzoic acid proceeded in less than 5% radiochemical yield. A more successful approach was to prepare [131I]SGMIB directly from the tin precursor, N-succinimidyl 4-(N1,N2-bis-tert-butyloxycarbonyl)guanidinomethyl-3-trimethylstannylbenzoate, which was achieved in 60-65% radiochemical yield. A rapidly internalizing anti-epidermal growth factor receptor variant III antibody L8A4 was labeled using [131I]SGMIB in 65% conjugation efficiency and with preservation of immunoreactivity. Paired-label in vitro internalization assays demonstrated that the amount of radioactivity retained in cells after internalization for L8A4 labeled with [131I]SGMIB was 3-4-fold higher than that for L8A4 labeled with 125I using either Iodogen or [125I]SIPC. Catabolite assays documented that the increased retention of radioiodine in tumor cells for antibody labeled using [131I]SGMIB was due to positively charged, low molecular weight species. These results suggest that [131I]SGMIB warrants further evaluation as a reagent for labeling internalizing antibodies.
- Vaidyanathan, G; Affleck, DJ; Li, J; Welsh, P; Zalutsky, MR
Volume / Issue
- 12 / 3
Start / End Page
- 428 - 438
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States