Phosphorus 31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of human placenta and quantitation with perchloric acid extracts.
Phosphorus 31 magnetic resonance spectroscopic studies of fresh placental tissue are reported that indicate resonances for adenosine triphosphate, inorganic phosphate, sugar phosphates-phosphomonoesters, and phosphodiesters. Perchloric acid extract methods were used to further characterize and quantitate phosphorous metabolites in term human placentas by phosphorus 31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The perchloric acid extracts give enhanced resolution of phosphorus signals and allow identification of other phosphorus metabolites including small amounts of phosphocreatine. Emphasis was placed on quantitating adenosine triphosphate levels in the acid extracts with the use of the external reference standard hexachlorocyclotriphosphazene in a coaxial capillary system. Adenosine triphosphate levels measured in this way ranged from 0.404 to 0.709 mumol per gram wet weight. Comparison with an internal standard method with phosphocreatine is also reported. Contribution to the measured high-energy phosphate pool from blood in the highly vascularized tissue was found to be relatively large and could range from 30% to 50% of the total adenosine triphosphate measured.
Kay, HH; Gordon, JD; Ribeiro, AA; Spicer, LD
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